The Journey to Sho’La Pass – Part 3 – A Route of Stone and Ngawa’s Wife

Heat and its lethargy inducing powers have long played havoc with my own senses and perspectives. I am not alone in this feeling. Exiting our safe cool forests, and descending into the hot valleys, I feel the itch of impatience and the head gets heavy. Tenzin has an almost psychotic look in his eye brought on by the heat and only Yanpi looks to have escaped its effects. Ngawa is covered in a second skin of sweat but still he will not shed clothing nor slow down. He is intent on getting to his native home and it is as though a beacon of light that draws him on is leading him. At one point Tenzin loses patience with Ngawa’s relentless pace and he wastes no time in telling Ngawa that his pace is “too macho” and that on our journey, “we cannot be worried about impressing eachother with our strength”. Ngawa, a fiercely proud man with a notorious temper and fighting skills to match looks at Tenzin gently and surprisingly says nothing, but noticeably drops the pace slightly. He then tells Tenzin that thus far, he has been using a slow pace and that Tenzin must speed up.

Songjè leads his horse along the hot Yangtze valley. To the right is the Yangtze River, which at this time of year is a slow moving behemoth.

At last we meet the Yangtze, which at this time of year is a golden mud colour and it too looks lethargic as though mirroring our own team’s feeling with the heat. Our lunch, taken over a fire is a silent affair while the sun continues to bludgeon us with its power. It isn’t only the sun which disturbs us. We have come back to vestiges of the ‘world of civilization’ and along the river vehicles re-enter our lives. They seem strange and totally foreign.

Our journey continues by foot along a main road for 10 kilometres before crossing a bridge to the western side of the Yangtze. Crossing the bridge I notice Tenzin limping. Both of his formidable feet have developed blisters and he is silently grimacing with each step. The heat has created humidity and friction in his boots and he slows, while Ngawa, heeding no one’s attempts to slow down is now far out in front.

Ngawa, Songjè and our horse make their way west over the Yangtze and out of the sun

Everything is dry with dust puffing up under each step. Our team is now spread over a kilometer in length like a small chain of dark figures. Again we are ascending along a path that continues to narrow as though it might eventually disappear altogether. Our route now teases me as the rocks have been worn down into grooves showing the undeniable evidence of the centuries of hoofs and caravan traffic. As the landscape changes, so too does my impression of the route and I cannot help but notice that we are leaving one powerful geography and heading into another.

Yanpi makes his way up and ever-thinning route of dust that was the Tea Horse Road

Mountains seem to be able to recreate landscapes at will. Every hundred metres our entire site-line changes as we are offered up new vistas. The sunlight too rearranges shadows and highlights making new worlds appear.

Tenzin (left) and Yanpi take refuge in a cave. In Tenzin’s left hand is a medical kit which he use to treat his feet, which by this point are simply raw pieces of meat.

Yanpi’s movie star features have darkened in the sun and even he too has gone silent in the midst of the trek. Tenzin, Yanpi and I take a break in a cave along the route, where Tenzin can bandage his feet which are bright red, swollen and full of white blisters. In the fading afternoon light we realize we cannot delay too much as to be stranded on the ledges in the dark would be a daunting task.

Ahead of us Ngawa leads the horse once again, while Songjè (who we later find out suffers from a bit of vertigo) scurries after him, at times doing anything he can to avoid looking down at the sudden plunge off to our right. His figure at times seems to do a little dance pursuing his own horse and Ngawa.

Songjè scurries after Ngawa and the horse along a portion of the Tea Horse Road trail

Coming around a bend I am halted by Ngawa’s screams. I spot him maybe 500 metres ahead but cannot hear his words clearly above the wind, which is now starting to blow in with more power. Ngawa holds up his hand to stop and then points up above me. I hear the dangerous sounds of clattering rocks and then there is a whoosh as a small landslide skids, and races down the mountain right where I would have been. High above our route, fearless goats scamper about on the loose dirt, which starts off little rockslides randomly, which cascade down like water.

A mere strip of route remains along our passage…off to the right a 50 metre plunge to stone and the Yangtze awaits

Our route is a marvel. Cutting through stone while following the inevitable contours of the land and mountains, it is a blend of both man’s will and fealty to the powers of nature and economics. It is what makes the Tea Horse Road’ eternal …unstoppable, unending and relentless. No snow pass, no sheer ledge or cliff can retard its push forward through the mountains.

When we all do reach Ngawa’s hometown of Dura, it is with a relief as the sky’s light drops off quickly in the November sky and the trails are no place to be when the dark night sky moves in.

Seen from a higher vantage point the way in which we have come, looking south

Ngawa’s ancient father, a man who travelled for 30 years along the caravan trails and who managed to father 12 children is a remarkably soft looking man who seems quite content with life. He immediately gravitates to Songjè and welcomes him and his horse taking the horse for some treats…even at close to ninety-years old he knows well that a happy horse is a necessity. Ngawa’s mother is the fire-breather and is a dark figure of lines, twinkling eyes and mischief. She howls with laughter at Songjè’s tales of the fearsome route and berates her son Ngawa for risking such a “handsome man and horse “. She has hands like cleavers and apart from layers of lines on her face, she is spry, feisty and in perpetual motion.

Ngawa’s mother cracks open a walnut (a local delicacy) for a local child

 

It feels good arriving in a community and being cared for. Ngawa, Songjè, Tenzin, and Yanpi are all basking in the attention of being guests and slightly exotic arrivals to the town. Reaching here I realize that as much as we crave the attention and little luxuries that a town can offer, we are also slightly out of practice at being social and must remember our manners.

Here our horse gets a well deserved break with all sorts of luxuries afforded to him

We feast in a series of silent attacks, followed by butter tea and then drop off into the world of sleep quickly. Tenzin’s feet are a mess of red swelling and he is in silent pain. He walks with the stiff-limbed motion of someone whose muscles and skin are all in rebellion. We all sleep upstairs in simple wooden rooms with our sleeping bags layed out but I move out onto an open area so that I can see the nighttime sky. It is one of the world’s great wonders: to see stars looming above you as you pass into the world of sleep.

One of the many discussion that the men had about directions, tales of the past…and confusion

Two days later and heat is still in our lives, though more and more often there are breaths of the mountains hitting us. Amidst the heat there are sudden gusts of clear, sinus cleansing cold winds; and then they are gone but these winds bare the unmistakable tang of the Himalayas and the beckon us on.

We wind our way through the valleys and course through small towns that have remained off-grid for centuries. Ngawa is a beast. He insists on leading and he takes only minimal breaks, sometimes speaking to villagers and explaining later to us in that very local way that the person was “my father’s, brother’s, wife’s youngest son”, or something equally complicated. His isn’t a complicated person and his strengths and weaknesses are there for all to see, but he is beyond all other things, loyal to those who he deems worthy of his respect.

Knees and joints are starting to feel that comfortable kind of strain that most good treks bring with them. Our days are anywhere from 6-10 hours of trekking a day and what challenges the muscles and bones is the non-stop series of ascents and descents. We are rarely on flat ground for more than an hour and progress always seems slower than one would like. The mountains though, are like this: they slowly make one understand that they demand patience, strength and understanding. Anything less and they will grind you into dust without offering up any of its magic to console you.

Ngawa makes his way up a natural stairway along the Tea Horse Road climbing ever-higher

We make it to the ancient town of Ponzera (known now as Benzilan), a heat-infested town that remains a domain of sun year round. Locked into a valley along the Yangtze River it was a town with the caravan routes and the Tea Horse Road literally in its every breath for hundreds of years.  Known for exquisitely carved butter tea bowls, made from the roots of rhododendron bushes and trees, Ponzera became known for providing the caravan teams with the very best muleteers.

Cactus lines the route…as does an incredible heat

Yanpi, for one night at least, doesn’t have to worry about cooking as we visit a local restaurant and assault as many vegetable and mushroom dishes as we can manage. We are stained with dust and sun, and every piece of clothing and hair smells of acrid wood smoke. Tenzin’s eyes are bloodshot from the sun and pain that still throbs in the souls of his feet.

Weathered and worn, a portion of the Tea Horse Road lies etched along a mountainside. We are the only travellers along its length on this day.

We learn that Ngawa will not join us for the remainder of our journey. His wife has called him and even a force such as Ngawa doesn’t dare risk the ire of a wife. It is a sudden announcement but in some ways a little comical. This mountain-bred man of incalculable toughness and grit being called by his wife who demands he return immediately.

After Ponzera, our bodies will be required to ascend once again. We will be moving through the lands which hum and suffer under the Himalayan wind’s force. We are getting ever closer to our sacred Shola Pass as well.

Yanpi (left), myself, and Tenzin recline and get ready for a ‘restaurant meal’ in Benzilan

Ngawa leaves us and tells me to “greet the great pass for me”. He and I had been to the Shola Pass earlier in the year and the mighty beauty and ferocious elements had brought tears to the tough man’s eyes. When he left he looked downcast, as he would have much rather joined us to ascend the pass than head home, but I knew his wife well and she was not a woman to mess with. He understood his duty to home well.

 

Yanpi tells me later, “we’ll miss his strength in the mountains”. As we would find out, we would indeed miss him in the mountains.

 

 

 

About JeffFuchs

Bio Having lived for most of the past decade in Asia, Fuchs’ work has centered on indigenous mountain cultures, oral histories with an obsessive interest in tea. His photos and stories have appeared on three continents in award-winning publications Kyoto Journal, TRVL, and Outpost Magazine, as well as The Spanish Expedition Society, The Earth, Silkroad Foundation, The China Post Newspaper, The Toronto Star, The South China Morning Post and Traveler amongst others. Various pieces of his work are part of private collections in Europe, North America and Asia and he serves as the Asian Editor at Large for Canada’s award-winning Outpost magazine. Fuchs is the Wild China Explorer of the Year for 2011 for sustainable exploration of the Himalayan Trade Routes. He recently completed a month long expedition a previously undocumented ancient nomadic salt route at 4,000 metres becoming the first westerner to travel the Tsa’lam ‘salt road’ through Qinghai. Fuchs has written on indigenous perspectives for UNESCO, and has having consulted for National Geographic. Fuchs is a member of the fabled Explorers Club, which supports sustainable exploration and research. Jeff has worked with schools and universities, giving talks on both the importance of oral traditions, tea and mountain cultures. He has spoken to the prestigious Spanish Geographic Society in Madrid on culture and trade through the Himalayas and his sold out talk at the Museum of Nature in Canada focused on the enduring importance of oral narratives and the Himalayan trade routes. His recently released book ‘The Ancient Tea Horse Road’ (Penguin-Viking Publishers) details his 8-month groundbreaking journey traveling and chronicling one of the world’s great trade routes, The Tea Horse Road. Fuchs is the first westerner to have completed the entire route stretching almost six thousand kilometers through the Himalayas a dozen cultures. He makes his home in ‘Shangrila’, northwestern Yunnan upon the eastern extension of the Himalayan range where tea and mountains abound; and where he leads expeditions the award winning ‘Tea Horse Road Journey’ with Wild China along portions of the Ancient Tea Horse Road. To keep fueled up for life Fuchs co-founded JalamTeas which keeps him deep in the green while high in the hills.
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